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Synchronous & Asynchronous Virtual Instruction Research

Information resources that address the question of the effect on student retention of synchronous virtual instruction, and the impact of various student support services and resources on same.

About this guide

This research guide presents a collection of information resources which help address these questions:

  • Does attending synchronous class sessions, as compared to asynchronous-only, improve student outcomes (e.g. course completion, success, or satisfaction) in virtual instruction? 

    • Focus is on spring 2020 when students and faculty who didn't sign up for online instruction were forced online due to the pandemic.

  • What kinds of services and resources seem to help students with this shift? 

  • What kinds of instructional design features seem to help students with this shift?

Studies of overall effects of pandemic on student learning




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