Skip to Main Content
Kirkwood Library homepage

Synchronous & Asynchronous Virtual Instruction Research

Information resources that address the question of the effect on student retention of synchronous virtual instruction, and the impact of various student support services and resources on same.

About this guide

This research guide presents a collection of information resources which help address these questions:

  • Does attending synchronous class sessions, as compared to asynchronous-only, improve student outcomes (e.g. course completion, success, or satisfaction) in virtual instruction? 

    • Focus is on spring 2020 when students and faculty who didn't sign up for online instruction were forced online due to the pandemic.

  • What kinds of services and resources seem to help students with this shift? 

  • What kinds of instructional design features seem to help students with this shift?

Studies of overall effects of pandemic on student learning

Cedar Rapids Campus Library

Benton Hall

6301 Kirkwood Blvd SW, Cedar Rapids, IA


If you need disability-related accommodations in order to use the Library, our website, or our resources, please contact the library at or 319-398-5697.