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Citation Guides

Guides on everything related to citing sources: MLA and APA style, citing websites, and avoiding plagiarism.

APA for Visual Art, Photographs

General rules
  • The artist or photographer's name is listed first.
  • The medium is given in brackets after the title.
    • For example: American gothic [Painting].
    • Shore, south of Timber Cove [Photograph].
  • If no title is given, describe the work in brackets.
Artwork (including paintings, drawings, sculptures, photographs, etc.) seen in a museum or on a museum website

Name of artist (Date of work). Title of work [Medium]. Name and location of museum, including city and country. URL if found online

Wood, G. (1930). American gothic [Painting]. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

  • Trace back any online photograph to its original posting. Google Images should never be used as the source or URL.

Name of photographer (Date printed or posted). Title of photograph [Photograph]. Source or site of photograph. URL

McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic.

  • If the original source of a photograph is a social media platform (Facebook, Instagram, etc.), include the URL but do not include the name of the website or app as the source.

Uthoff, S. [@trundlebedtales] (2019, November 16). Kirkwood starts with a K [Photograph].

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