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Citation Guides

Guides on everything related to citing sources: MLA and APA style, citing websites, and avoiding plagiarism.

APA for Magazine Articles

General rules
  • Magazine title is in italics. All important words are capitalized.

  • Volume number is in italics. Issue number is not.


Author (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers.

Brown, J. (2019, August 30). America's deadliest disaster. Time, 62(3), 58-59.

Online Magazine Article (from website. For online article from a library database, do not include the URL.)

Author (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine or Website Title, volume number(issue number). URL

Jones, B. (2011, May 1). Integrating technology. Instruction, 40(2).


APA for Journal Articles

General rules
  • Use the DOI (digital object identifier) if it is available.
  • Do not use URL for a journal article found in a library database.
  • Do use the URL for a journal article found on an open website.
  • Shortened DOI may be used by checking the ShortDOI website
  • Do not put a period after the DOI.
Journal Article with DOI

Author(s) (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number, Page numbers. DOI

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2020). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.

Journal Paginated by Issue, and no DOI. Print.
  • Use if page numbers start over at 1 for each issue

Author(s) (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number,(issue number), page numbers.

Hofstadter, L. M., & Cooper, S. J., Jr. (2019). Encouraging female participation in STEM classes. Journal of Education, 184(10), 16-20.

Journal Article Online, no DOI.
  • Include URL at the end. APA style no longer requires the "Retrieved from" phrase.

Matheny, S. C., & Kingery, J. E. (2012). Hepatitis A. American Family Physician, 86(11), 1027–1012.


APA for Newspaper Articles

News article with author name

Author (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Title, page number. 

Price, H. B. (2019, May 26). Tell me: Why are S.A.T. scores so crucial? The New York Times, C1.

News article without author name

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Newspaper Title, page number.

Kirkwood is great. (2018, January14). Gazette, 14. 

Online news article, no author

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Newspaper Title. URL

Let the library help you through the end of the semester. (2019, November 22). Kirkwood Community College Communique.

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