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Citation Guides

Guides on everything related to citing sources: MLA and APA style, citing websites, and avoiding plagiarism.

MLA Photographs, artwork reproductions, artwork viewed in person

General guidance:

  • The artist's name is given for the "author" element.
  • First give information about the creator of the artwork, then for the website, article, or book in which it was published.
  • If you viewed the artwork in person, see section "Artwork seen in person".
  • The medium is an optional element, and may be included after the date, with comma between. See example below.
Photographic reproduction of artwork, print book

Last name, First name of artist. Title of Work. Date of composition, Location of original work. Title of Book, edited by Editor's First and Last name, Publisher name, Date of book publication, p. Page number of reproduction. 

Eakins, Thomas. Spinning. 1881, private collection. Thomas Eakins. Edited by Darrel Sewell, Yale UP, 2016, p. 102.

Picasso, Pablo. Violin with Sheet of Music. 1912, Réunion des Musées Nationaux. Pablo Picasso, edited by Jesse McDonald, Barnes & Noble, 1993, p. 47.

Photographic reproduction of artwork, online

Important note on Google Images:

  • None of the images found on Google (or any other search engine) are actually on Google. Google helps you locate information but is not the creator or publisher of that information, so you don't cite the image with Google as the source. Click on the button "Visit Page" or click again on the image to get to the website where the image is published, and where you can find the information you need to cite the image.

Last name, First name of artist. Title of Work. Date of composition, Museum/Location of original artwork [skip location and city if same as name of website], City of location. Title of website, Publisher of website, URL. 

Da Vinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1503-19. Louvre, Musée du Louvre, 

Wood, Grant. American Gothic. 1930. Art Institute of Chicago. Accessed 23 Sept. 2019. 

Photograph, online

Last name, First name of photographer. Title of photograph. Date photograph was taken or if not available date uploaded. Title of website, Publisher of website, URL. 

Hartmann, Trish. Southern Leopard Frog. 26 June 2013. Flickr,

Photograph, personal

Brief description of the photograph. Date of photograph, [Or estimate the date in brackets if unknown], personal photograph.

Dorothy Thompson with the Waucoma High School basketball team. [Circa 1933], personal photograph.

Artwork seen in person

Last name, First name of artist. Title of work. Date of composition, Name of museum, city of museum. 

Picasso, Pablo. Violin and Sheet of Music. 1912, Musée National Picasso, Paris.

Wood, Grant. American Gothic. 1930, Art Institute of Chicago.

Example including the medium
  • If the medium is important to your discussion of the work, include it after the date, separated by commas.

Anatsui, El. Transit. 2002, wood and pigment, University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City.

Cedar Rapids Campus Library

Benton Hall

6301 Kirkwood Blvd SW, Cedar Rapids, IA

Iowa City Campus Library

107 Credit Center Building

1816 Lower Muscatine Rd., Iowa City, IA